Sunday, April 8, 2018

The origin of cappuccino

Cappuccino originated in 18th-century Viennese coffeehouses, where it was known as kapuziner, a popular drink at that time. Travel guides to Austria in the early 1900s confirm that capsuziner or kapuziner was a beverage “with more coffee than milk” in contrast to melange for which the reverse was true. By this time the term cappuccino was already in use in Italy. Baedeker's 1904 guide provides an introduction to the coffee menu and café culture

The addition of cream and sugar gave the coffee a brown color that was reminiscent of the hooded robes worn by friars of the Capuchin order. A lighter-colored drink made with more milk was named franziskaner, after the robes of Franciscan monks. Capuchin order of friars was founded by Saint Francis of Assisi.

When the contemporary cappuccino was invented, it adopted the same name because it was visually quite similar. In the mid-to-late 1940s, the word cappuccino was introduced to describe espresso coffee mixed or topped with steamed milk or cream, so called because the color of the coffee resembled the color of the habit of a Capuchin monk.

In 1933, Harper’s Bazaar wrote of how Rome’s “eye-opener is an express strong coffee diluted with milk and called cappuccino.” which it recommended drinking on a café terrace at breakfast while watching the Fascist black shirts go by.

Cappuccino was popularized in Italy in the early 20th century, after which it spread across Europe and to England, but it didn’t become popular in North America until the 1980s, when the Specialty Coffee Association of America was formed to promote high quality coffee.
The origin of cappuccino

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